Education in Armenia

Education in Armenia

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The organizational basis of the state education policy is “The Education Development State Program”, which has been approved by the RA National Assembly, upon presentation of the RA Government” (RA “Law on Education”, Article 4, Yerevan, 1999) [2].

The current stage of the reforms started in 2003. The most important state and national goal currently is the progressive development of the education system and ensuring its competitiveness in the international arena. Orientation of the education system to the needs of “knowledge-economy” is the head-stone of the current reforms.

Professional education reforms constitute the key component of the current stage reforms. The core direction of the professional education reforms is integration of Armenia in the common European Education area and ensuring accomplishment of the Bologna process requirements: introduction of quality assurance, developing the national qualifications framework and European Credits Transfer System (ECTS), etc. .

At this stage the education reforms cover mainly the content issues, namely National Curriculum Framework, new subject syllabi, new system for assessment of students’ achievements and state examinations, introduction of ICT in learning process and etc.

Within past ten years the state developed and enacted a whole set of laws and legal and normative documents, which have been serving as a basis for the education system development. Article 35 of the first Constitution of the Republic of Armenia, adopted  in 1995, defined that every citizen has the right for education; education is free of charge in the state secondary educational institutions; every citizen has the right to receive professional education free of charge on competitive basis, in state professional education  institutions [1].

The National Assembly of the Republic of Armenia adopted the “Law on Education” on 14 April, 1999, which being based on the Constitution provisions, guided development of the reforming system. The Education Law, since its adoption, was amended from time to time based on priorities of arising problems.

The RA Law on Education was followed by the development and adoption of laws and legal and normative documents regulating separate levels of education. In particular, the following RA Laws served as basis for reforming the different levels of education: “On Higher and Post Graduate Professional Education”  (14.12.2004), “On Preliminary and Middle Level Professional (Vocational) Education” (08.07.2005), “On State Education Inspectorate” (15.11.2005), “On Preschool Education” (15.11.2005), and the GoA Protocol Decisions “On Strategy of the RA Higher Education Reforms” (21.11.2003), “On Approval of Concept of Aesthetic Education” (18.11.2004), “Inclusive Education Policy Paper” (25.05.2005),  “Pedagogical Education Reform Policy Paper” (29.12.2005) and etc.

In addition to improving the legislation field, the state adopted the policy of mid-term and long-term development planning which is reflected in the Mid-Term Expenditure Framework and Education Development Programmes. Following its approval at the RA National Assembly, “The Education Development National Programme 2001-2005” was enacted for the first time in 2001, its  goal was to ensure progressive development of the education system as a factor of strengthening the statehood and social-economic progress of the society. Preparation of the draft “Education Development National Programme 2008-2015” was launched in 2006.

The organizational basis of the state education policy is “The Education Development State Program”, which has been approved by the RA National Assembly, upon presentation of the RA Government” (RA “Law on Education”, Article 4, Yerevan, 1999) [2].

The current stage of the reforms started in 2003. The most important state and national goal currently is the progressive development of the education system and ensuring its competitiveness in the international arena. Orientation of the education system to the needs of “knowledge-economy” is the head-stone of the current reforms.

Professional education reforms constitute the key component of the current stage reforms. The core direction of the professional education reforms is integration of Armenia in the common European Education area and ensuring accomplishment of the Bologna process requirements: introduction of quality assurance, developing the national qualifications framework and European Credits Transfer System (ECTS), etc. .

At this stage the education reforms cover mainly the content issues, namely National Curriculum Framework, new subject syllabi, new system for assessment of students’ achievements and state examinations, introduction of ICT in learning process and etc.

Within past ten years the state developed and enacted a whole set of laws and legal and normative documents, which have been serving as a basis for the education system development. Article 35 of the first Constitution of the Republic of Armenia, adopted  in 1995, defined that every citizen has the right for education; education is free of charge in the state secondary educational institutions; every citizen has the right to receive professional education free of charge on competitive basis, in state professional education  institutions [1].

The National Assembly of the Republic of Armenia adopted the “Law on Education” on 14 April, 1999, which being based on the Constitution provisions, guided development of the reforming system. The Education Law, since its adoption, was amended from time to time based on priorities of arising problems.

The RA Law on Education was followed by the development and adoption of laws and legal and normative documents regulating separate levels of education. In particular, the following RA Laws served as basis for reforming the different levels of education: “On Higher and Post Graduate Professional Education”  (14.12.2004), “On Preliminary and Middle Level Professional (Vocational) Education” (08.07.2005), “On State Education Inspectorate” (15.11.2005), “On Preschool Education” (15.11.2005), and the GoA Protocol Decisions “On Strategy of the RA Higher Education Reforms” (21.11.2003), “On Approval of Concept of Aesthetic Education” (18.11.2004), “Inclusive Education Policy Paper” (25.05.2005),  “Pedagogical Education Reform Policy Paper” (29.12.2005) and etc.

In addition to improving the legislation field, the state adopted the policy of mid-term and long-term development planning which is reflected in the Mid-Term Expenditure Framework and Education Development Programmes. Following its approval at the RA National Assembly, “The Education Development National Programme 2001-2005” was enacted for the first time in 2001, its  goal was to ensure progressive development of the education system as a factor of strengthening the statehood and social-economic progress of the society. Preparation of the draft “Education Development National Programme 2008-2015” was launched in 2006.