The Diploma Supplement (DS)
The Diploma Supplement is a document attached to a higher education qualification aiming at improving transparency and at facilitating recognition. It is designed to provide a description of the nature, level, context, content and status of the studies that were successfully completed by the individual named on the original qualification to which this supplement is appended. This flexible tool was initiated by UNESCO and revised jointly by UNESCO, the European Commission and the Council of Europe.
The European Credit Transfer and Accumulation System
ECTS provides an instrument to create transparency, to build bridges between institutions and to widen the choices available to students. The system makes it easier for institutions to recognize the learning achievements of students through the use of commonly understood measurements – credits and grades. ECTS was introduced in 1989 within the framework of the Erasmus programme of the European Union as a system for credit transfer based on the student workload required to achieve the objectives of a programme, objectives preferably specified in terms of the learning outcomes and competences to be acquired. It facilitated the recognition of periods of study abroad and thus enhanced the quality and volume of student mobility in Europe.